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Santa Maria Sun / News

The following article was posted on December 4th, 2019, in the Santa Maria Sun - Volume 20, Issue 40 [ Submit a Story ]
The following articles were printed from Santa Maria Sun [santamariasun.com] - Volume 20, Issue 40

Salud Carbajal talks changes to H-2A program with farmers

By William D'Urso

Central Coast farmers are looking for an answer to labor shortages, and U.S. Congressman Salud Carbajal is determined to give it to them.


LABOR QUESTIONS
Brent Burchett (pictured standing), the executive director of the San Luis Obispo County Farm Bureau, introduces U.S. Congressman Salud Carbajal (D-Santa Barbara, sitting to the right of Burchett) to a group of local farmers and agriculture industry representatives during a Dec. 2 roundtable about modernizing the country’s current guest-worker laws.
PHOTO BY WILLIAM D’URSO

The Santa Barbara Democrat held a roundtable with farmers and other local representatives of agriculture in San Luis Obispo on Dec. 2. He was there to discuss the Farm Workforce Modernization Act, a bill that recently passed the House Judiciary Committee, 18-12. It now awaits consideration on the floor of the House, where Carbajal said it’s currently receiving broad bipartisan support—26 Democrats and 23 Republicans.

Across the Central Coast, yields fluctuated a little in 2018 as the labor market, following the country’s low unemployment rate, constricts. In SLO County, the yields largely boomed while Santa Barbara County saw a decrease in its ag production. According to the Santa Barbara County Ag Commissioner’s office, the county’s farms and ranches grossed just more than $1.5 billion, a 4.9 percent decrease compared to 2017. 

SLO County agriculture hit more than $1 billion in 2018, according to county numbers, a 12 percent jump over the previous year. That bump, in part, came from a strong year for wine, which saw a 3 percent price increase, an 8 percent yield increase, and profits of $276 million.

Labor, however, dominated conversation at the recent roundtable, a focal point of the act the congressman is helping to move through the U.S. House of Representatives. 

He described the labor element of the act as a “restructuring” of the H-2A guest-worker program already in place. He called the current system—which restricts employment to seasonal labor and requires several stages of applications and paperwork—as “onerous.”

The topic of the H-2A program has a history of creating heated debate and discord in the community. In 2016, a house in Nipomo, which was part of a project to keep 112 strawberry farmworkers lodged during their H-2A employment, went up in flames. Owners Greg and Donna France of Mar Vista Berries abandoned the plans after the apparent act of arson. 

The House bill would seek to bring in more guest workers and would dedicate 40,000 green cards to doing so. Carbajal hopes it will hit the floor early next year. 

First the legislation would allow workers, whether they’re already in the country or not, to obtain legal working status. But it would also allow them, down the line, to apply for permanent residence, also called Lawful Permanent Resident status.

“Democrats usually pursue the ultimate, which is citizenship,” Carbajal said. “Republicans are always reluctant to go there.”

Area farmers have long sought to stabilize their agricultural workforce despite protests and concerns from some area residents. While some sectors, like dairy, maintain largely steady needs, other types of farming—including the Central Coast’s specialty crops of strawberries and wine grapes—fluctuate. That fluctuation means a need for seasonal laborers, who may not always be available on short notice. 

Brent Burchett, executive director of the San Luis Obispo County Farm Bureau, said that among many farmers there’s consensus.

“It’s something every farmer wishes they could get stability on,” he said. “I hear it repeatedly that we can’t get enough workers.”

Many farmers find the H-2A program limited, Burchett said, and that it prevents them from hiring workers based on sometimes unpredictable needs. But the Farm Workforce Modernization Act would streamline the process. Carbajal said it would reduce the paperwork down to one form, allow workers to stay year-round for growers who need more than seasonal labor, and grandfather in workers and their families who are already in the country.

“The bigger piece is we have a lot of workers who are ready to come here that we can’t physically process,” Burchett said. “I think a lot of this is a challenge not unique to agriculture, and any time you have a tightening in the labor market, you see that trickle down to agriculture.”

At the roundtable Burchett and area farmers expressed worry the bill has an uphill political battle. While it enjoys bipartisan support in the House, Carbajal stopped short of promising anything in the Senate. He said he expects there will be Republican senators willing to back the bill, but it’s coming into play during an election year that’s expected to widen already deep partisan divides.

“Farmers are going to continue to have problems with labor. This won’t be a magic bullet,” Burchett said.

But Carbajal said this bill could be a small step toward immigration solutions and could represent a blueprint for other bills serving other industries. He said he’s already heard interest from representatives of the retail industry.

But the key to this bill, he said, is to get something, anything through that the farmers can use.

“Is it a perfect bill? No. Is it a good bill? Yes,” Carbajal said. “Perfect is the enemy of good.”

William D’Urso




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